• Yeshua is the Word of God
  • Yeshua is our example
  • Yeshua represents the perfect model God’s Word
  • Yeshua fully taught and verified the Law of God
  • YHVH’s calendar is a part of the Law of God

Where do we find the appointed times? (Moedim)

  • Leviticus 23
    • Sabbath
    • Passover
    • Unleavened Bread
    • First Fruits
    • Shavuot
    • Trumpets
    • Yom Kippur
    • Sukkot

We need to do 2 things:

  1. calculate the first day of the month
  2. calculate the first month of the year

2 witnesses:

  1. Tanakh
  2. Word of God in the flesh (Yeshua)

Both must agree!

Go back to the beginning:

Isaiah 46:9-10 “Remember things that happened at the beginning, long ago – that I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is none like me. 10 At the beginning I announce the end, proclaim in advance things not yet done; and I say that my plan will hold, I will do everything I please to do”

Colossians 2:16-17 So don’t let anyone pass judgment on you in connection with eating and drinking, or in regard to a Jewish festival or Rosh-Hodesh or Shabbat. 17 These are a shadow of things that are coming, but the body is of the Messiah.

His return will happen on his appointed times.
The ancient ways helps us understand the end.
Messiah is the substance of the feast days.
It is Messiah who will do something significant on these appointed times.

Genesis 1:14-16 God said, “Let there be lights in the dome of the sky to divide the day from the night; let them be for signs, seasons, days and years; 15 and let them be for lights in the dome of the sky to give light to the earth”; and that is how it was. 16 God made the two great lights – the larger light (sun) to rule the day and the smaller light (moon) to rule the night – and the stars.

‘owth– Hebrew –  signs, but carries a meaning of remembrance, and a mark or a banner

mow’ed– Hebrew – appointed times, or set feast, a meeting

meeting together or assemble together on HIS days
Scripture references: 
Psalm 104:19

Anyone can look up to see the patterns in the sky and calculate YHVH’s calendar

Calculating the First Month of the Year

Exodus 12:1-2 ADONAI spoke to Moshe and Aharon in the land of Egypt; he said, 2“You are to begin your calendar with this month; it will be the first month of the year for you.”

It is then revealed to us that the month of Passover is the first month of the year:

Exodus 13:4 You are leaving today, in the month of Aviv.

Exodus 23:15 Keep the festival of matzah: for seven days, as I ordered you, you are to eat matzah at the time determined in the month of Aviv; for it was in that month that you left Egypt. No one is to appear before me empty-handed.

Exodus 34:18 “Keep the festival of matzah by eating matzah, as I ordered you, for seven days during the month of Aviv; for it was in the month of Aviv that you came out from Egypt.

Aviv stands for the stage of development of the barley crops: (in describing the devastation in regard to the plague of hail)

Exodus 9:31-32 The flax and barley were ruined, because the barley was ripe (aviv)and the flax in bud (Giv’ol). 32 But the wheat and buckwheat (spelt) were not ruined, because they come up later (were dark – afilot).  (Another translation directly from Hebrew)

The barley was destroyed by hail, the wheat and spelt were not damaged.
 
The barley was destroyed and the wheat was not because the barley had reached a stage in its development where it was aviv or ripened and as a result had become brittle enough to be damaged by the hail.
 
The wheat and spelt were still early in their development and were still in a stage where they were flexible.
 
Barley that is in the stage of aviv has not completely ripened.
 

early barley

aviv barley 2012

ripe barley

Aviv barley is not completely ripened but still able to be eaten and parched in the fire:

Scripture referenced to parched barley as “aviv parched” (Kalui) as in Lev 2:14 or abbreviated “parched” (Kalui / Kali)

Lev 23:14; Jos 5:11; 1Sam 17:17; 1Sam25:18; 2Sam 17:28; Ruth 2:14

2-3 weeks after the beginning of the month the barley has moved beyond the stage of Aviv and is ready to be brought as the “wave-sheaf offering”  (Hanafat HaOmer)

The “wave-sheaf offering” is a sacrifice brought from the first stalks cut in the harvest and is brought on the first day (Sunday) which falls during the feast of unleavened bread. :

Leviticus 23: 10-11 “Tell the people of Isra’el, ‘After you enter the land I am giving you and harvest its ripe crops, you are to bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the cohen. 11 He is to wave the sheaf before ADONAI, so that you will be accepted; the cohen is to wave it on the day after the Shabbat.”

Deuteronomy 16:9 “You are to count seven weeks; you are to begin counting seven weeks from the time you first put your sickle to the standing grain.

Leviticus 23:15 “From the day after the day of rest- that is, from the day you bring the sheaf for waving -you are to count seven full weeks” (another translation directly from Hebrew says seven complete Sabbaths)

Barley ripens at different times all over Israel.  When a first-fruit offering is brought by the farmers it can be anywhere from Aviv parched in fire or crushed Carmel:

Leviticus 2:14 “If you bring a grain offering of firstfruits to ADONAI, you are to bring as the grain offering from your firstfruits kernels of grain from fresh ears, dry-roasted with fire. (another translation directly from Hebrew says as Aviv parched in fire or crushed Carmel)

Characteristics of Aviv barley
  1. Brittle and light color
  2. Can be eaten parched
  3. Will be ripe in 2-3 weeks

How is the “aviv” a sign of “lights in the heavens?”

It is more like “cause and effect”

The lights in the sky cause spring to occur and aviv barley is the result of spring arriving.

Aviv does not cause the first month to arrive.  It is the result of the first month arriving.

The Three most Common Calculation for the First Month:

  1. Sun, Moon, & Stars – some only use this method
  2. Abib – some (such as the Karaite Jews and many Messianics) only use this method
  3. Hillel II Tradition – a blend of Talmud and rabbinical teachings
    • Was developed to help with the calendar issues when not in Israel
    • Loosely Biblically based, much of it is tradition and KNOWINGLY adds to or takes away from the Word of God (Deuteronomy 4:2)
    • Has become tradition

The Hillel Tradition is therefore rejected. See: (Mark 7 & Matthew 23)

Which of the 2 methods left is correct?

Answer? Both.

Sun, Moon, & Stars – the heavenly sign (greater) Genesis 1

Aviv – the earthly, agricultural sign (lesser) Exodus 12-13

Both signs should always be in agreement with each other :

Matthew 18:16 If he doesn’t listen, take one or two others with you so that every accusation can be supported by the testimony of two or three witnesses

Job 38:31-33, 38 “Can you tie up the cords of the Pleiades or loosen the belt of Orion? 32 Can you lead out the constellations of the zodiac (Mazzaroth) in their season or guide the Great Bear and its cubs (Hyades)? 33 Do you know the laws of the sky? Can you determine how they affect the earth? 38 so that the dust becomes a mass [of mud], and its clods stick together?

Mazzarah – Hebrew – the 12 signs of the Zodiac and their 36 associated constellations (Strong’s definition)

The stars have a pattern and yields results in the start of spring and fall.

2 major events that happen during the winter and summer seasons.

  • The stars begin to fall or dip below the horizon seeming to fall or crash to the earth.

Mark 13:23-27 But you, watch out! I have told you everything in advance! 24 In those days, after that trouble, the sun will grow dark, the moon will stop shining, 25 the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers in heaven will be shaken.z 26 Then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with tremendous power and glory. 27 He will send out his angels and gather together his chosen people from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of heaven.’

  • Day and night become equal marking a switch from one to the other

Again, the aviv barley will always agree with the sun, moon, and stars.

The moon is used to determine the month.

Hodesh – month

Yerah – moon

used interchangeably as noted in the following Scripture:

1Kings 6:1 It was in the 480th year after the people of Isra’el had left the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Shlomo’s reign over Isra’el, in the month (Yerah) of Ziv, which is the second month (Hodesh), that he began to build the house of ADONAI.

1Kings 8:2 All the men of Isra’el assembled before King Shlomo at the festival in the month (Yerah) of Etanim, the seventh month (Hodesh)… “

Hodesh

Leviticus 23:23-24 ADONAI said to Moshe, 24 “Tell the people of Isra’el, ‘In the seventh month, the first of the month is to be for you a day of complete rest for remembering, a holy convocation announced with blasts on the shofar.

Amos 8:5 You say, “When will Rosh-Hodesh (New Moon) be over, so we can market our grain? and Shabbat, so we can sell wheat?” You measure the grain in a small eifah, but the silver in heavy shekels, fixing the scales, so that you can cheat…

What exactly is the Biblical New Moon?

2 schools of thought:

Conjunction and Crescent

Leveraging two witnesses:

  • The Word of God (Tanakh)
  • The Word of God in the flesh (Yeshua)

Both should and must agree!

The Lunar Cycle:

The lunar cycle is 29.53 days

In reality, the moon conjunction lasts about 2-3 minutes

The naked human eye must wait till 3-5% luminosity to see the moon again.

The moon starts giving light just 3-5 minutes after the full conjunction.

This pattern is very predictable and observable.

Regardless of which position is the Biblical New Moon, the reality is that determining the timing of the conjunction and full moon is not as challenging as some make it out to be.  Simple farmers could do this thousands of years ago with just a tad bit more effort in observation than clicking some buttons on the computer today.

2 Positions: Crescent and Conjunction

Crescent

        • traditionally requires 2 persons to see the sliver of the moon following a conjunction
        • because of human perception the moon can appear to be giving no light for 1-3 days after conjunction
        • is usually visible by the time it reaching 5% luminosity
        • the  appointed days of YHVH are determined by men seeing visible light from the moon
        • once the moon is sighted, the first day of the month is determined and declared

Conjunction

        • establishes the first day of the month on the day of the conjunction or sometimes the day after the conjunction depending on one’s position
        • determined from a modern stand-point of simply looking up when the conjunction occurs over Israel
        • from an ancient stand-point it would be calculated by observing the established 29.53 day cycle of the moon and knowing that the full moon and conjunction are exactly 14.765 days apart
        • also determined by simple observation and just counting
        • once calculation is completed, the first day is determined and declared perhaps months even years in advance

The practical difference between the crescent and conjunction is a difference of about 1-3 days.  The 1-3 days is enough to throw off any appointed day if one is using the incorrect method. 

But, which method is correct?

 
Examining the Evidence
  • An event in which David intentionally misses a new moon feast.  He didn’t celebrate the new moon or the new month.  David intends to disappear for 3 evenings.  This is interesting because the time between the calculated conjunction and the visible crescent is 1-3 days.
    • 1Samuel 20:5 David answered Y’honatan, “Look, tomorrow is Rosh-Hodesh, and I ought to be dining with the king. Instead, let me go and hide myself in the countryside until evening of the third day.
      • Calculated in advance the new moon.  It was not a surprise but already known.  This can only suggest conjunction, because only the conjunction can be calculated in advance
      • Why 3 evenings?  Confirmation that the new moon was over by the sighting of the crescent
      • The calculated conjunction began their feast and declared the new month and even tho the literal new month is simply one day it is clear that the visible crescent ended their observation of it.
    • The time between actual calculable conjunction and visible crescent is 1-3 days
    • In their traditional practice they calculated the new moon and kept it 1-3 days.

Perfect fit.

    • 1Samuel 20:18 Y’honatan said to him, “Tomorrow is Rosh-Hodesh, and you will be missed, because your seat will be empty.
    • 1Samuel 20:27 The day after Rosh-Hodesh, the second day, David’s place was empty; and Sha’ul said to Y’honatan his son, “Why hasn’t Yishai’s son come to the meal either yesterday or today?”
    • 1Samuel 20:34 Y’honatan got up from the table in a fury, and he ate no food the second day of the month (new moon), both because he was upset over David and because his father had put him to shame.

The time between the conjunction and the crescent is 1-3 days.  For those who hold to a crescent only view the question is asked, where is the 2nd day?  Where is the 3rd evening?  It doesn’t work with what we just read in 1Samuel.

    • Amos 8:5 You say, “When will Rosh-Hodesh be over, so we can market our grain? and Shabbat, so we can sell wheat?” You measure the grain in a small eifah, but the silver in heavy shekels, fixing the scales, so that you can cheat…
      • Why did they have to ask when the new moon would be over?
      • Biblically the day would be over when the sun went down and they would not have to ask.  But because typically, in their tradition, they would celebrate it for 2-3 days from conjunction to crescent.  The observation became longer than the actual day.
      • In this case, they were referring to the Day of Trumpets, which is the only new moon sabbath day.  This is why the Day of Trumpets became known as the “Day No Man Knows the Day or Hour.”  After they calculated the new moon conjunction, they traditionally celebrated till they sighted the crescent moon, ending the celebration.  This happened 1-3 days later.  (1Samuel 20; Amos 8:5)

Thus the crescent didn’t begin the feast but in their practice and tradition, it ended it.

How does a month starting in darkness make any Biblical sense?

Thinking Hebraicaly:

The physical often precedes the spiritual.

Biblically, everything begins in darkness

the day; the month; creation (Genesis 1:1-2)

Our spiritual lives begin in darkness, wickedness.  Light comes into our lives.

YHVH shows us this in the moon cycle.  Beginning in darkness and being made full

First, 2-3 minutes of complete darkness.  But then, ever so slowly, light begins to overtake it.  For two weeks it grows brighter… finally becoming a full moon, 100% light

Example of this is Feast of Trumpets  (conjunction)——> Sukkot (full moon)

The covenant with Abraham was made in darkness (Genesis 15:17)

Passover took place in darkness (Exodus 12:12)

Yeshua rose in the dark (John 20:1)

Yahweh dwells in darkness (Exodus 20:21-thick cloud, 1Kings 8:12-thick cloud, Psalm 18:11-“darkness is his hiding place”)

Creation began in darkness (Genesis 1:2) and ends in darkness (Revelation 20:11)

Our Spiritual life begins in darkness and our goal is full light.

Yeshua says:

John 12:46 “I have come as a light into the world, so that everyone who trusts in me might not remain in the dark.”

A Spiritual process of moving from dark to light is found all over Scripture:

Acts 26:18 to open their eyes; so that they will turn from darkness to light, from the power of the Adversary to God, and thus receive forgiveness of sins and a place among those who have been separated for holiness by putting their trust in me.’

When Yeshua arrived it was said that we were in darkness when he arrived light began to return to his people.

1John 2:8 Yet I am writing you a new command, and its reality is seen both in him and in you, because the darkness is passing away and the true light is already shining.

Perhaps the “2 weeks” between conjunction and Passover or Trumpets (also conjunction) and Sukkot is symbolic of the approximate “2000 years” between the first coming (darkness) till the resurrection at the second coming (full light)

Thinking Hebraicaly this shows us God’s people have a pattern of going into darkness and into light, just as the phases of the moon.

With Yeshua’s first coming we began coming out of the darkness, culminating in the second coming, bringing us to full light.

The Day of the Lord and the New Moon

  • Yeshua will return on a future Day of Trumpets
  • When Yeshua arrives it is at the beginning Day of the Lord
  • The Day of the Lord is 1000 years
  • Yeshua will reign with us for exactly 1000 years
    • Revelation 20:6 Blessed and holy is anyone who has a part in the first resurrection; over him the second death has no power. On the contrary, they will be cohanim of God and of the Messiah, and they will rule with him for the thousand years.

Why is a thousand years of the LORD called the Day of the Lord?

The answer is in YHVH’s plan of 7000 years.

The teaching of the 7 days of creation parallels YHVH’s 7000 plan for man as it extends into eternity

The last 1000 years is the Sabbath day, Shabbat.  The “rest” we are still waiting to enter.  The “Day of the LORD” we look forward to.  The rest we are promised to enter.

Hebrews 4:1 Therefore, let us be terrified of the possibility that, even though the promise of entering his rest remains, any one of you might be judged to have fallen short of it;

2Peter 3:8 Moreover, dear friends, do not ignore this: with the Lord, one day is like a thousand years and a thousand years like one day

Prophetically hinted at in Job:

Job 5:19 He will rescue you from six disasters; yes, in seven no harm will touch you.

Why is this important?

If a Day of Trumpets is on a new moon and Yeshua returns on a new moon then even the prophets declared what the new moon would look like on the start of the Day of the Lord.

Isaiah 13:9-10 Here comes the Day of ADONAI, full of cruelty, rage and hot fury, to desolate the earth and destroy the sinners in it. 10 For the stars, the constellations in the sky, will no longer give their light; the sun will be dark when it rises; and the moon will no longer shine (another translation moon will not give its light).

If Yeshua returns on a new moon on a Day of Trumpets, we see that Day of Trumpets = moon not giving light.

Mark 13:23-27 But you, watch out! I have told you everything in advance! 24 In those days, after that trouble, the sun will grow dark, the moon will stop shining, 25 the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers in heaven will be shaken.z 26 Then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with tremendous power and glory. 27 He will send out his angels and gather together his chosen people from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of heaven.

We see also the stars will be falling from heaven.  Isaiah relates this to the constellations, meaning these are literal stars with constellations.

The above passage in Mark, is specifically mentioning the setting of constellations just as Isaiah also mentioned in the above.  This happens at this time of the year mentioned.  In the fall. (see also: Job 38:31-33, 38 from above)

BEFORE the “Day of the Lord” we have events:

      • Joel 2:31 The sun will be turned into darkness and the moon into blood before the coming of the great and terrible Day of ADONAI.”
      • A total solar eclipse and lunar eclipse

ON the “Day of the Lord” we have events:

      • From Isaiah and Mark above:
      • Perhaps a partial solar eclipse
      • New moon
      • Fall season

If it is true that Yeshua does return on a future Day of Trumpets then according to the Prophets and Yeshua that is a day in which the moon does not give its light.

This means that Yeshua will not be arriving at the sighting of a crescent.

New Moon as Conjunction in Psalms

Psalm 81:3-4 Sound the shofar at Rosh-Hodesh and at full moon (kece’) for the pilgrim feast, 4 because this is a law for Isra’el, a ruling of the God of Ya’akov.

Does “kece'” really mean “full moon?” or could this word mean “covered moon?”

Is the new moon (Rosh-Hodesh) a covered moon here (kece’)?

Some hold to the view that “kece'” means “covered in darkness”

Some hold that “kece'” is indeed “full moon” correctly sight that there is 3 literal feast days in God’s Word and 2 of which occur on the full moon and none of which fall on the new moon.  (Day of Trumpets is not a “Feast Day”)

There is only 2 translation choices: full moon or covered moon

There is a big problem with the full moon perspective because this means we will have to blow a trumpet at both the new moon (Rosh-Hodesh) and the full moon.

The author of this Psalm states that it is a “statute for Israel, A law for the God of Jacob.” 

There is no place in Torah that tells us to sound the shofar on a new moon.  The only place we are commanded to blow the shofar as it relates to the moon is the Day of Trumpets on the new moon.  Just as Psalm 81:3 starts off.

Psalm 81:3 can not say it is in the law of God to blow the trumpet on a full moon!  This breaks Deuteronomy 4:2

“In order to obey the mitzvot of ADONAI your God which I am giving you, do not add to what I am saying, and do not subtract from it.”

If “kece'” means “full moon” then this would be “adding” to Yah’s torah.  The author of this Psalm would be a false Prophet.

“Kece'” must mean “covered moon” which is the same as new moon (Rosh-Hodesh)

Psalm 81:3 Blow the shofar at Rosh-Hodesh, at the covered moon, on our solemn feast day.

Going to the actual Hebrew the author does not use the Hebrew word for “full moon” which is “laben”  meaning white/whiteness.  Instead he uses a word that is the exact opposite “kasah” meaning covered.

“Kasah” is first used in Genesis 7:19 to mean covered.

There is still a problem.  The Day of Trumpets is not a “Feast day (hag)”

When the Hebrew is examined this becomes clearer.  In the actual Hebrew the Psalm is stating “going toward” not “on the day”  The Hebrew for “day” in this Psalm has “Lamed” – meaning “leading to” not “on”

Psalm 81:3-4 Sound the shofar at Rosh-Hodesh, at the covered moon, going toward the pilgrim feast, 4 because this is a law for Isra’el, a ruling of the God of Ya’akov.

The Day of Trumpets leads us to the feast day Sukkot, two weeks later.

(This teaching on Psalm 81:3 is found in the video at minutes 1:08:00 – 1:17:00)

Yeshua Fully Preaching the Law of God

In some way, Yeshua must have taught YHVH’s calendar.  We saw some of this in Yeshua’s agreement with the Prophets in the realization that the Day of Trumpets or the new moon the moon will not give its light.

However, the best way for Yeshua to teach us the correct calendar is to become that calendar.  So that we cannot deny it, nor be mistaken about it.

If we can determine how the Father and Son observed the calendar during the spring feasts in the year of Yeshua’s death would that not be the same calendar that we would also want to observe?

Yeshua became our Passover Lamb.  Meaning, according to Scripture, he was slain between the evening (about 3pm) on the 14th day of the Hebraic month. 

Exodus 12:6 “You are to keep it until the fourteenth day of the month, and then the entire assembly of the community of Isra’el will slaughter it at dusk.”

2Chronicles 30:15 Then they slaughtered the Pesach lamb on the fourteenth day of the second month. Ashamed of themselves, the cohanim and L’vi’im had consecrated themselves and brought burnt offerings into the house of ADONAI.

Is there a contradiction between Mark and Luke?

Mark – Spices purchased after Sabbath

Mark 16:1 When Shabbat was over, Miryam of Magdala, Miryam the mother of Ya`akov, and Shlomit bought spices in order to go and anoint Yeshua.

After Unleavened Bread Sabbath

Luke – Spices prepared before Sabbath

Luke 23:56 Then they went back home to prepare spices and ointments. On Shabbat the women rested, in obedience to the commandment.

Before weekly Sabbath

The first day of Unleavened Bread and the 7th day of the week were both Shabbats.  Luke and Mark were both correct.  This also reveals that the 14th day of the month would have been on a Wednesday.  There are up to 2 Sabbaths during the week of Unleavened Bread.  The 1st day of Unleavened Bread (the 15th) and the 7th day of the week (the weekly Sabbath.)  Yeshua was in the grave or the earth for 3 days and 3 nights according to Yeshua’s own prophecy.

Matthew 12:40 For just as Yonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea-monster, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the depths of the earth.

By His own words, we can see these days would have been 3 literal days.

John 11:9 Yeshua answered, “Aren’t there twelve hours of daylight? If a person walks during daylight, he doesn’t stumble; because he sees the light of this world.

From the time the sun went down on Wednesday and the sun went down on Saturday, Yeshua was in the earth until the moment of His resurrection.  Thus fulfilling the prophecy of 3 days and 3 nights.  His resurrection was then discovered on a Sunday morning as the sun came up and revealed the open tomb.

If we know the year Yeshua died…

…and the fact that He died on a Wednesday

Then we can “see” the calendar that both the Father and the Son used!

It is in this FACT that Yeshua revealed the correct calendar. 

Whether we get it right is another matter.  The point is that we do not settle for what is certainly and knowingly the error of men.  And try to understand the truth Yeshua practiced and taught.

Acts 5:29 Kefa and the other emissaries answered, “We must obey God, not men.”

To determine how God used his appointed times for the death of Yeshua, we need to determine the year Yeshua died.

Scholars have long argued the time frame between 29 C.E. and 33 C.E. as the time of the crucifixion and resurrection of Messiah.  But for the longest time, we lacked witnesses detailing exactly when his death occurred.  The best we could do was an educated guess.

So when was Yeshua’s death?

In the Jewish writings we can find several witnesses all agreeing to the exact year Yeshua died.

Jerusalem Talmud Witness:

Forty years before the destruction of the Temple (70 C.E.), the western light went out, the crimson thread remained crimson, and the lot for the Lord always came up in the left hand.  They would close the gates of the temple by night and get up in the morning and find them wide open

(Jacob Neusner, The Yerushalmi, p.156-157)[the Temple was destroyed in 70 CE]

Babylonian Talmud Witness:

Our rabbis taught: During the last forty years before the destruction of the Temple (70 C.E.) the lot [‘For the Lord’] did not come up in the right hand; nor did the crimson-colored strab become white; nor did the western most light shine; and the doors of the Hekel [Temple] would open by themselves

(Soncino version, Yoma 39b)

This is referencing a practice on Yom Kippur in which a random choosing of the “lot” would determine which of the two goats would be for Yahweh and which goat would be the Azazel, or scapegoat.

The lot was practiced by selecting a white stone or a black stone.  Statistically, that would result in equal chance for each stone, and of course, that was the historical result.

However, beginning in 30 C.E., for 40 years, the High Priest always selected a black stone.  The odds of this happening are just over 1 in 1 trillion.  (1 in 1,099,511,627,776)  Statistically, this is basically impossible.

This was such a big deal, that it was documented in many ways.  The only thing they knew was that something was seriously different in the Yom Kippur sacrifice.  Something very profound happened in 30 C.E.

In the reading of the letter to the Hebrews, which is all about the Yom Kippur sacrifice, we learn that it is what Yeshua accomplished on the cross that is causing all these strange events to occur.

It was in 30 C.E. that Yeshua died on the cross.

Before we see how this relates to the calendar, there are several more witnesses to bring.

Remember:

If we know the year Yeshua died…

…and the fact that He died on a Wednesday

Then we can “see” the calendar that both the Father and the Son used!

More witnesses:

Jerusalem Talmud Witness:

Said Rabban Yohanan Ben Zakkai to the Temple, ‘O Temple, why do you frighten us?  We know that you will end up destroyed.  for it has been said, ‘Open your doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour your cedar’

(Zechariah 11:1) (Sota 6:3)

The main lamp (Menorah) in the temple continually went out.

In fact, we are told in the Talmud that at dusk the lamps that were unlit in the daytime (the middle four lamps remained unlit, while the two eastern lamps normally stayed lit during the day) were to be re-lit from the flames of the western lamp (which was a lamp that was supposed to stay lit all the time – it was like the ‘eternal’ flame that we see today in some national monuments) …

This ‘western lamp’ was to be kept lit at all times.  For that reason, the priests kept extra reservoirs of olive oil and other implements in ready supply to make sure that the ‘western lamp’ (under all circumstances) would stay lit.

But what happened in the forty years from the very year Messiah said the physical Temple would be destroyed?  Every year the western lamp would go out.  And this in spite of the priests each evening preparing in a special way the western lamp so that it would remain constantly burning all night!

(The Significance of the Year CE 30, Ernest Martin, Research Update, April 1994, p4)

Most interesting documented event from 30 CE (Yeshua’s death) to 70 CE (temple destroyed).

and it has further been taught: ‘For forty years before the destruction of the Temple the thread of scarlet never turned white but it remained red.’

(Bavli Rosh Hashanah 31b)

Said Rabban Yohanan Ben Zakkai to the Temple, ‘O Temple, why do you frighten us?  We know that you will end up destroyed.  For it has been said, ‘Open your doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour your cedars.’

Forty years before the destruction of the Temple, the western light went out, the crimson thread remained crimson, and the lot for the Lord always came up in the left hand.  They would close the gates of the Temple by night and get up in the morning and find them wide open

Yoma 6:3 [33b]

This refers to the cloth tied to the Azazel goat.  A portion of this red cloth was also removed from the goat and tied to the temple door.

Each year the red cloth on the temple door turned white as if to signify the atonement of another Yom Kippur was acceptable to the Lord.

This annual even happened until 30 CE when the cloth then remained crimson each year until the time of the temples destruction in 70 CE.

This traditional practice is linked to Israel confessing its sins ceremonially placing this nation’s sin upon the Azazel goat.  The sin was then removed by this goat’s death.  Sin was represented by the red color of the cloth, the color of blood.  But the cloth remained crimson.  That is, Israel’s sins were not being made pardoned and made white.  As God told Israel through Isaiah the Prophet:

Isaiah 1:18 “Come now,” says ADONAI, “let’s talk this over together. Even if your sins are like scarlet, they will be white as snow; even if they are red as crimson, they will be like wool.

The yearly atonement achieved through the typical Yom Kippur observance was not being realized as expected.  Atonement was to be gained in some other way. 

What happened in 30 CE to merit such a change at Yom Kippur?

By some accounts, April 4th of 30 CE, the 14th day of the first Hebraic month, the day of Passover sacrifice, our Messiah Yeshua offered himself as a sacrifice for sin.

With this event, there is a transference of the atonement no longer achieved by the 2 goats offered at Yom Kippur.  Like an innocent Passover lamb, Messiah was put to death and no fault was found in him.

But, unlike Temple sacrifices or the Yom Kippur events where sin is only covered for a time, the Messianic sacrifice comes with a promise of forgiveness of sins through grace given by God to those who accept a personal relationship with the Messiah.

This is essentially a one time event for each persons life time and not a continual series of annual observances and animal sacrifices.  Yeshua simply points to himself at the appointed time of Yom Kippur.

So if Yeshua died in 30 CE then we have an amazing opportunity placed in front of us.  We are now equipped and enabled to line up the phase of the moon with the first day of the month in which Yeshua died.

We know that Yeshua had to die on both the 14th day of the Hebraic calendar and also on a Wednesday according to what we have already established. 

Thus, if the new moon is the conjunction, theoretically we should be able to start from the conjunction count 14 days and land on a Wednesday.

This would be the test.  If YHVH used the conjunction to determine the first day of the month for Yeshua then that basically quells any debate.

Whatever YHVH used to calculate the time of the spring feasts should be exactly, no more, no less, how we should observe it as well. 

We have the perfect example of the Lord’s calendar before us.  This would have been the way Yeshua would have literally, fully preached (pleroo) the law of God in matters of the calendar.

However God calculates the appointed times should be how we calculate the appointed times.

Would we not want to use the same calendar as the Father and the Son?

The Test

When was the lunar conjunction before Yeshua’s Death?

We know that Yeshua died in 30 CE

Now we need to determine the timing of the lunar conjunction.

Conjunction 30CE: (Gregorian Days)

TimeAndDate.com – March 22, 7:29 PM

Kalendis – March 22, 7:48 PM

SOLEX – March 22, 7:50 PM

Time Range – 7:29 PM to 7:50 PM (21 minutes)

Testing the crescent method

earliest possible crescent sighting would be March 23rd

If we count 14 days from this time, we land on a Thursday.  Not a Wednesday.

This would cause the crescent method to fail.

YHVH did not use the Crescent method to determine the first day of the month

Testing the conjunction method

In order for the conjunction method to work, Yeshua’s death needs to land on a Wednesday to prove that the day of the lunar conjunction is the first day of the month.

We know that the conjunction occurred on March 22nd between 7:29 PM and 7:50 PM in Jerusalem.

We can count 14 days forward to see if we land on a Wednesday.

If it does, then we know that YHVH uses the lunar conjunction to determine the first day of the month.

NOTE: The 10th day from the conjunction (The day Yeshua would have come into Jerusalem on a donkey) is the same day the lamb is inspected for blemishes.  Yeshua was fulfilling this role as he passed through.  This is also the same Hebraic day he took issue with the money changers on Shabbat.  Thus, we already find, it fits perfectly

When we get to the day of April 5th, which is also the 14th day on the Hebraic calendar we find it is indeed a Wednesday. 

Proving, Yeshua fulfilled the spring feasts using the lunar conjunction to determine the start of the first day of the first month.

 

Final words on the crescent:

In searching for the word crescent in Scripture it is realized, it occurs 3 times

It occurs in the context of Jewry, pagan, and worldly origin.

Islam is very attached to the crescent and it is a symbol of that religion

There are also some that suggest the crescent is highly suspect, noting that Karaite Jews deride from the area of Iraq.  And the crescent is highly esteemed there. 

Test your faith: 2 Corinthians 13:5

Test everything: 1 Thessalonians 5:21

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